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Yiziphi izimbangela ezingenzeka zokushaya kwenhliziyo okuphansi?

Yiziphi izimbangela ezingenzeka zokushaya kwenhliziyo okuphansi?

Uma sikhuluma ngempilo, izinga lokushaya kwenhliziyo ngokuvamile liyinkomba engenakunakwa.Izinga lokushaya kwenhliziyo, inani lezikhathi inhliziyo eshaya ngalo ngomzuzu, ngokuvamile libonisa impilo yemizimba yethu.Nokho, lapho izinga lokushaya kwenhliziyo liwela ngaphansi kwesilinganiso esivamile, kungase kusho ukuthi kukhona okungahambi kahle emzimbeni.Namuhla, sizoxoxa ngezimbangela ezingase zenzeke zokushaya kwenhliziyo ephansi futhi sethule indlela yokuvikela impilo yethu kangcono ngemishini yesimanje yezokwelapha.

Izimbangela ezivamile zokushaya kwenhliziyo okuphansi
1. Izici ze-physiological: Abanye abantu abanempilo, ikakhulukazi abasubathi noma abantu abavivinya umzimba njalo, bangase babe nesilinganiso sokushaya kwenhliziyo esiphansi kunebanga elivamile (okungukuthi ama-60-100 beats/minute) ngenxa yokusebenza kwabo okuqinile kwenhliziyo kanye nevolumu ephezulu ye-stroke.Ukushaya kwenhliziyo okuphansi kuleli cala kuyisimo esivamile sokuphila futhi asikho isidingo sokukhathazeka kakhulu.izici zomzimba

2. Izici ze-Pathological: Ukushaya kwenhliziyo okuphansi kungase kube ukubonakaliswa kwezifo ezithile.Isibonelo, izimo ezifana ne-hypothyroidism, i-hyperkalemia, ne-sinus syndrome egulayo ingase ibangele ukwehla kwenhliziyo.Ngaphezu kwalokho, izidakamizwa ezithile, njenge-beta-blockers, izidakamizwa ze-digitalis, njll., nazo zingase zibangele ukwehla kwezinga lokushaya kwenhliziyo.

izici ze-pathological

Ngakho sikuqapha kanjani izinga lokushaya kwenhliziyo nomfutho wegazi?
Ukuqapha ngokunembile izinga lokushaya kwenhliziyo, singasebenzisa okokusebenza kwezokwelapha okuphrofeshinali, njenge-electrocardiograph (ECG) noma imonitha yokushaya kwenhliziyo.Lawa madivayisi angarekhoda umsebenzi kagesi wenhliziyo ngesikhathi sangempela futhi asisize siqonde izinguquko ekushayeni kwenhliziyo.Ngesikhathi esifanayo, bangaphinde banikeze ulwazi olubalulekile mayelana nesigqi senhliziyo nesakhiwo senhliziyo, okusisiza ukuthi sithole izinkinga zenhliziyo ngesikhathi.

Ngaphezu kokushaya kwenhliziyo, umfutho wegazi uphinde uyinkomba ebalulekile yempilo yenhliziyo nemithambo yegazi.I-sphygmomanometer iyithuluzi elivamile lokulinganisa umfutho wegazi.Kungasisiza siqonde amazinga ethu omfutho wegazi futhi sithole izinkinga ezinjengomfutho wegazi ophakeme noma umfutho wegazi ophansi ngesikhathi.Izingqapheli zanamuhla zomfutho wegazi ziye zaba ngobuhlakani ngokwengeziwe.Abakwazi nje ukukala umfutho wegazi ngokuzenzakalelayo, kodwa futhi bavumelanise idatha kuma-APP eselula, okwenza kube lula ngathi ukubuka nokuphatha idatha yethu yezempilo nganoma yisiphi isikhathi.

Ngakho-ke, emgwaqeni wokuphishekela impilo enempilo, sikunikeza uchungechunge lwemikhiqizo yedivayisi yezokwelapha esezingeni eliphezulu.

Isibonelo, imonitha yethu ye-electronic blood pressure ngokuyinhloko iyisisetshenziswa esikala umfutho wegazi sisebenzisa inzwa kagesi.Isebenza ngokufutha i-cuff, iphushe igazi, ikala ingcindezi ngenzwa kagesi, kanye nokubala umfutho wegazi we-systolic ne-diastolic.Uma kuqhathaniswa ne-mercury sphygmomanometers yendabuko, ama-electronic sphygmomanometers anezinzuzo zokunemba kokulinganisa okuphezulu, ukusebenza okulula, nokuphatheka.

Ukushaya kwenhliziyo okuphansi kungase kube isixwayiso esivela emzimbeni, futhi kufanele sikunake ngesikhathi futhi sithathe izinyathelo ezifanele.Ngokusebenzisa imishini yezokwelapha echwepheshile ukuqapha izinkomba zezempilo ezifana nokushaya kwenhliziyo nomfutho wegazi, singasiqonda kangcono isimo sethu somzimba futhi sithole izinkinga zempilo ezingaba khona ngesikhathi.Ngesikhathi esifanayo, kumelwe futhi silondoloze indlela yokuphila enempilo, njengokudla okunempilo nokuvivinya umzimba okusesilinganisweni, ukuze silondoloze impilo yenhliziyo nemithambo yegazi.Masisebenze ngokubambisana ukuvikela impilo ngobuchwepheshe!


Isikhathi sokuthumela: May-11-2024